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Where Is Homework Banned

For some kids, school work is actually done when the last bell rings at the end of the day.

According to AP, a growing number of elementary schools and other individual teachers have banned homework so kids can have more free time to play, spend time with their families and sleep.

Steven Geis, president of the National Elementary School Principals' Association, told AP that there's been pushback from parents in recent years from parents who say their kids' time is monopolized by homework.

He says students at North Trail Elementary in Farmington, Minnesota, where he is principal, do "engaging homework."

Teachers everywhere are revising their policies to be as effective as possible.

At the Orchard school, an elementary school in South Burlington, Vermont, Principal Mark Trifili told AP he's seen a serious spike in anxiety among students recently.

They opted to ban homework this school year based in part on the book "The Homework Myth."

"They're just kids. They're pretty young and they just put in a full day's shift at work and so we just don't believe in adding more to their day. We also feel that we are squashing their other passions and interest in learning," Trifilio told AP.

Alfie Kohn, the author of the book, told AP that homework is all pain and no gain.

"The disadvantages of homework are clear to everyone: exhaustion, frustration, loss of time to pursue other interests and often diminution of interest in learning," he said.

Kohn added that homework might be the greatest extinguisher of curiosity ever invented."Homework may be the greatest extinguisher of curiosity ever invented."

Harris Cooper, a professor at Duke University who has been studying the effects of homework for 30 years, disagrees.

He thinks all kids should be doing homework, but the type of homework can differ depending on level of development.

According to AP, his research found that homework is much more effective for middle and high school students than it is for elementary-age kids.

"Homework is like medicine. If you take too little, it does nothing. If you take too much, it can kill you," Cooper told AP. "You've got to get the dose right, and if you do, it can do wonders."

He said it teaches kids to learn outside the classroom, which then turns them into lifelong learners while improving independence and time management.

Cooper added that a lot of the backlash against homework comes from the fact teachers simply assign to much.

Now it's up to teachers to strike a balance between pushing their students to learn outside the classroom and giving them a chance to pursue other activities.

See photos from another school that banned homework:

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Elementary school students in one Florida school district are going to find a welcome new — but controversial — policy when they return to school for the 2017-2018 school year next month: no traditional homework.

They are being asked to do one thing to help them academically: Read for 20 minutes a night.

Heidi Maier, the new superintendent of the 42,000-student Marion County public school district in Florida, said in an interview that she made the decision based on solid research about what works best in improving academic achievement in students.

(That may seem like something of a no-brainer, but in the world of education, policymakers are notorious for making a great deal of policy without knowing and/or caring about what the best research shows.)

The policy will apply to all elementary school students in the district — about 20,000 — but not to middle or high school students. Maier, an expert on reading acquisition who started running Marion schools in November after serving as lead professor of teacher education at the College of Central Florida, said she is basing her decision on research showing that traditional homework in the early years does not boost academic performance but reading — and reading aloud — does.

[Odds stacked against reading for pleasure]

An often-cited meta-analysis of research on the subject, published in 2006, found that homework in elementary school does not contribute to academic achievement and has only a modest effect on older students in terms of improving academic performance. While homework has long been one of the most contentious issues in K-12 education, there does not exist any experimental study of the possible effects of assigning homework.

But experts say research is clear on the benefits of daily reading, with students picking their own books, reading aloud and listening to a fluent adult reader.

Maier cited the work of Richard Allington, an expert on reading acquisition, who has researched and written extensively on how to teach students to read.

“The quality of homework assigned is so poor that simply getting kids to read replacing homework with self-selected reading was a more powerful alternative,” Allington said in an email. “Maybe some kinds of homework might raise achievement but if so that type of homework is uncommon in U.S. schools.”

Maier said that students would be allowed to select their own reading material and would get help from teachers and school libraries. For those children who have no adult at home to help them read — the same students who had no adult at home to help them with their traditional homework — volunteers, audiobooks and other resources will be made available.

Maier said that she has received feedback from parents and teachers, most of whom applaud the decision but some who are skeptical. “We need to make our message clear and explain why this is beneficial,” she said, adding that town halls for parents and others will be held soon.

Homework has been a hot-button issue for educators and families for more than a century. In the late 1800s, a Civil War hero turned Boston school board member, Francis Walker, thought math homework harmed children’s health and pushed the panel to ban it as part of a nationwide anti-homework fever. The Ladies’ Home Journal called homework “barbarous,” and many educators said it caused nervous conditions and heart disease in children who would benefit from playing outside instead.

Homework, of course, came to have importance in education — with kids as young as 3 and 4 now getting some — and proponents now say it helps cement information into kids’ memories and teach them to establish routines.

Marion County will be joining a small group of schools and districts whose leaders have decided to trade traditional homework for daily reading in the elementary school grades. While there are no definitive results, educators report that test scores and other learning has not suffered.

Read more:

What happened when one school banned homework — and asked kids to read and play instead

A new wrinkle in the research about the real value of homework